Some medical conditions that may affect your ability to drive include:
- Neurological Disorders
- Spinal Cord Injury
- Vision Problems
- Cognitive Deficits
- Multiple Medical Conditions
- Aging process
There are two parts to the evaluation: clinical and on-road evaluation will be completed after the clinical evaluation, if needed.
An occupational therapist/driving rehab specialist (DRS) will perform the clinical evaluation to determine the effects that medical conditions, functional limitations and medications may have on the safety of driving. The clinical evaluation consists of:
- A complete driving history, type of vehicle and use of adaptive equipment.
- Testing cognitive and perceptual abilities to measure reaction time, problem solving, divided attention and your brain's ability to process safety in various situations.
- Vision screening ; depth perception, visual acuity, and peripheral vision; contrast sensitivity.
- Upper and lower body range of motion, strength, sensation and coordination
- Brake reaction time.
On-road evaluations will be completed by an OT/DRS and rehab driving instructor to assess your driving ability.
- Ability to handle a vehicle with standard equipment or adaptive equipment.
- Ability to navigate traffic situations safely
- Demonstration of appropriate visual awareness, decision making, and attention skills
- An Occupational therapist and the (DRS) will make recommendations based on the results of the clinical and on-road evaluation.
Recommendations for driving may consist of:
- Completion of driver's training
- Adaptive equipment modifications to vehicle
- Limitations such as distance, time of day and speed
- Complete restriction of driving privileges
- A physician order for Occupational Therapy Driving Evaluation is required.